700 600 500 400 300 200 100 Pregnancies 1 Year Before Guidance 1st 2nd 3rd YEAR OF GUIDANCE 4th Figure 5. Trends of pregnancies and abortions during 5-year guidance program in Japan. Source: (11). ize the problems related to induced abortion. This concern originated among authorities at the University of Chile but soon spread to official governmental agencies. The position of the Chilean government was expressed by the Minister of Health at the inaugural session of the Eighth World Conference of the International Planned Parenthood Federation in Santiago, Chile, in April 1967. Included were the following points (95): 1. Induced abortion is a serious public health problem. Action to control abortion and to offer alternative methods of effective birth control is an imminent necessity. 2. Decisions regarding the limitation and/or spacing of children should be made by free and responsible individual citizens. 3. Educational programs revealing all existing safe and efficient methods of contraception are needed to broaden the range of free choice.ears to achieve any really gratifying results. . . . Since it takes experience and skill to practice contraception successfully, failure rates are bound to be high until these are acquired. This is the explanation for the increase in induced abortion at the initial stages of the guidance program.